COVID-19 or novel coronavirus has upended life around the world. The virus, with its pneumatic symptoms, has swept across the globe, forcing daily activities to be called off and businesses, schools, malls, and recreational spaces to shut down. The more dangerous form of SARS has spread so rapidly that it became a pandemic within three months of its outbreak.
The impact of this deadly virulent disease on people’s lives is hugely concerning. That means the scale of the COVID-19 crisis makes people recall events like 9/11 or the 2008 economic downturn that reshaped many countries in lasting ways. From buying, traveling, studying, and working to normal living, the novel virus has contained everyone in their homes.
With a long list of coronavirus prevention tips, the outside world is reorienting its norms to do the essential tasks. Although the changes are unsettling and unfamiliar for people, experts predict that they are meant to stay for a long time. As lockdowns and quarantines have become inevitably ubiquitous, it is impossible for countries to manage this outbreak without maintaining strict guidelines and closing everything down.
That is to say, the increasing coronavirus cases or the rapid spread of the novel virus has set off an alarm around the world. Incorporating coronavirus prevention tips into the daily routine has become imperative. It is because many countries are grappling with tons of confirmed cases every day, and no one knows how long the coronavirus will last.
Considering the rising fatality ratio of this virulent disease, here we have included all the critical information that you need to know to prevent coronavirus transmission. Let us begin by finding out the answer to what coronavirus is.
What Is Coronavirus (Covid-19)?
As mentioned earlier, COVID-19 has changed the ways people work, move around, learn, and live their lives completely. Many people are bound to work from home; however, there is a large population that has lost jobs. Schools, universities, social events, flights, and sports leagues have been canceled.
A coronavirus is a novel form of the virus that has more or less the same symptoms as flu and pneumonia. It typically belongs to single-stranded RNA virus family “coronaviriadae.” This type of virus generally affects birds, reptiles, and mammals.
The coronavirus typically first emerged in 2019 in Wuhan, China. The state is home to approximately 11 million people. December 2019 was the month when the health authorities of China confirmed that they have patients suffering from a pneumonic disease caused by an unfamiliar source.
The patients who were suffering from the coronavirus symptoms had reportedly visited the markets selling the meat of live animals. Chinese authorities, however, could not find any evidence of the coronavirus transmission or spread from animals to humans.
The new strain of coronaviriadae or SARS-CoV-2 is an acute respiratory syndrome. The virus causes an infection that can lead to COVID-19 or coronavirus disease. Not only does this virus spread quickly but it also causes life-threatening illness in people that may lead to sudden death. Like other strains of coronaviruses, COVID-19 can survive in the air and on surfaces for 3 to 4 hours.
Tips for Prevention
The coronavirus starts in China saw an increase in January. It then soon became a global pandemic with its massive outbreak in countries like Spain, Italy, Iran, South Korea, and the USA. The virulent disease propelled a sudden hike in the number of cases in more than 160 countries.
As the coronavirus death toll has passed 300,000, following the guideline to protect yourself and your family from catching or carrying it is vital.
Take a look at the given coronavirus prevention tips to stall its transmission from one person to another.
·Tip#1: Wash Hands Carefully and Frequently
Washing hands frequently with an antibacterial soap is the first and most important tip to follow when it comes to taking preventative measures. Rub hands for at least 15 to 20 seconds if you have been sneezing, coughing, or in a crowded or public place.
If soap or hand wash liquid is not available, keep a hand sanitizer with you that has 60 percent alcohol. Work the soap lather on your fingers, wrists, under fingernails and between fingers to make them germ-free. Make sure you wash your hands multiple times a day.
·Tip#2: Say NO to Hugging Or Hand Shaking
This is a rule more than a tip. Since coronavirus spreads via human to human interaction, you should avoid any kind of physical interaction from handshaking to hugging. Remember that skin to skin contact may pass the germs into your body from hands.
·Tip#3: Cover Your Face when Coughing or Sneezing
The nose and mouth are the breeding grounds for SARS-CoV-2. That means when an infected person coughs or sneezes, the air carries the virus droplets to others. The virus can also stay on hard surfaces for up to 2 to 4 days.
That is what makes using a tissue or a piece of cloth when you cough or sneeze imperative. If you do not have anything to cover your mouth, use your elbow to hide your face while coughing and sneezing. It will keep your hands clean. But that does not mean that you should not wash hands after you cough or sneeze.
·Tip# 4: Do Not Touch Your Face, Nose or Eyes
As mentioned before, coronavirus lives on surfaces for up to 32 to 72 hours. That means you can easily get infected with the virus by touching contaminated surfaces like doorknobs, cell phones, keys, and gas pumps.
The best way to keep yourself safe is to avoid touching your face, especially eyes or nose, and mouth if you frequently come in contact with these surfaces. Also, do not bite your fingernails as it may transmit SARS-CoV-2 from nails to your body.
·Tip#5: Avoid Sharing Your Personal Items
Linked to the last point, sharing personal stuff or items like phones, clothes, cosmetics or combs can be a source of virus spread. That is why it is essential not to share anything with anyone, even if it is a handbag, straw, or eating utensils. Teach your kids to keep their reusable cups, straws, and other dishes for their use only.
·Tip#6: Social Distancing Is Mandatory
The whole debate of virus spread is based on a human to human interactions. Anyone can carry the virus even if there are no coronavirus symptoms. That is where the role of social distancing comes into play. You must maintain a distance of at least 6 feet from another person if you are not working remotely or staying home. It is because you can transmit this virulent disease just by speaking to an infected person.
·Tip#7: Avoid Social Gatherings
Attending a social gathering means you most likely will be in contact with people, which increases the chances of coronavirus transmission. Social gatherings may include religious gatherings, congregational events, weddings, and other meetups in which people have to stand or sit too close to one another.
·Tip# 8 No Eating Out
Lock downs are for making people stay in their homes. The deadly virus is can spread through foods, dishes, and utensils. This means you should avoid restaurants, eatery spots, bars, and coffee shops.
Although you can get food delivery, make sure that you order foods that are fully cooked or can be heated. Heating food at 132°F/56°C can help kill the viruses. It is better if you avoid eating cold food ordered from the restaurants.
·Tip#9 Wearing Masks
Wearing masks is an effective way to slow down virus spread from individuals who are diagnosed when they breathe, sneeze, cough or talk. If masks are not available or are too expensive to buy, you can make one at home using some necessary materials like scissors and a T-shirt.
·Tip#10 Isolate Yourself If You Feel Sick
If you feel sick or any symptoms of the corona virus, isolate yourself. Do not sit, eat, and sleep with your family or loved ones. Contact your doctor if you need medical assistance, tell him or her about your physical condition.
What COVID-19 Information Do You Need?
The reason why health professionals have declared SARS-CoV-2 a global pandemic is its ability to infect people without showing any symptoms. Know that corona virus not only multiplies faster in your body but also has no initial symptoms. Moreover, anyone can transmit the virulent disease even if he/she never gets symptoms at all.
Because people have very little knowledge about this virus, they often confuse it with common flu symptoms. However, both viruses affect your body differently. It is worth noting that both influenza A and B (flu viruses) have a different severity level.
Typical seasonal flu has sudden symptoms that include stuffy and runny nose, fever, sore throat, cough, headaches, muscle aches, etc. Know that an individual who catches seasonal flu recovers within two weeks. However, there is still a lot to discover about the corona virus.
Researchers still do not have a full picture of this disease in terms of its symptoms and severity. It is because infected people have reported different symptoms that vary from moderate to severe flu shortness of breath, fever, and cough.
How Corona virus Spreads
The increasing number of coronavirus cases is a clear indication that it spreads from person-to-person. Because there is no vaccine for this virus, the best way you can prevent it is by avoiding being exposed to it.
To do that, you need to know how this virus spreads. Mainly, the virus spreads when someone comes in contact with an infected person, surface, or object. An infected individual passes on the virus through respiratory droplets produced in the mouth or nose when he/she sneezes, talks, or coughs.
The droplets land in the mouth or nose of the person who is standing or sitting nearby through inhalation.
Risks of Getting COVID-19
The coronavirus or COVID-19 has become a health threat that is evolving every day. Although the risk may vary within communities, it is taking a heavy toll on the health care systems, global economy, and of course, people who are or are not suffering from it. That is why it is essential to know the scenarios and settings that increase the risk of getting the coronavirus. Given below is the checklist that tells you if you are at risk of getting infected.
- The risk of coronavirus in babies and older adults (aged over 65) is relatively higher as compared to young people. Besides this, people with medical conditions or weak defense mechanisms are also included in the vulnerable population. These people should avoid attending crowded gatherings or enclosed settings.
If you fall into the category of vulnerable population and notice symptoms like shortness of breath, fever, or cough, do not go to mass gatherings, places or events.
Although there is no such evidence so far that suggests pregnant women are at higher risk of developing COVID-19, it is better to take precautionary measures. Consulting doctors and following guidelines are two important ways expectant mothers can avoid the risk of getting the coronavirus.
Whether you are taking a domestic flight or traveling across the border, the risk of contracting the virus is always there. The governments of many countries have shut down flights or are asking people to avoid non-essential tours or trips. However, if you really need to travel, make sure you follow the traveling guidelines strictly.
When to Call Your Doctor
You need to call a medical professional if you notice coronavirus symptoms in you or your family member. It is better to avoid going to the hospital or clinic yourself as it may spread the virus. But it is vital to be careful about virus symptoms if you or your family member has an underlying medical condition. In such cases, getting immediate medical treatment is necessary to avoid symptoms from exacerbating.
For instance, call the doctor if you or your loved one is a patient of;
- Lung disease
- Heart disease
- Or has low immunity
Also, look for the following signs of coronavirus that need medical attention:
- Blue-tinged face or lips
- Difficulty breathing
- Pain in the chest
- Drowsiness and fatigue
Difference between Quarantine (Self Isolation) and Isolation
A lot of people confuse the terms isolation and quarantine when they are advised to take preventative measures. You should know that both actions are not only different but also applicable in different contexts.
Doctors advise you to self-isolate yourself for two weeks or 14 days if there are no symptoms when;
- You have returned from travel
- You have been in close contact with a COVID- 19 patient and suspect that you have contracted the virus
You need to isolate yourself if;
- You have been experiencing coronavirus symptoms and waiting for your lab test results
- Your diagnosis of COVID-19 is positive
- You are a probable cause of coronavirus
- You have returned from travel
These rules may vary from country to country.
In a nutshell, there is no denying that this virulent disease has caused the lives of many people to stand still. The rapid spread of the virus is one of the compelling reasons people are adopting a different lifestyle. That means there are ways people can survive this epidemic. For example, by minimizing contact, limiting nonessential travel, avoiding public transportation, working from home, and skipping social gatherings, you can keep this deadly virulent disease at bay.
Moreover, there are several other prevention tips on coronavirus wiki that will help you prevent it and correct your knowledge about this novel virus. Make sure you learn about the virus and spread your knowledge to others. If there is something more effective than social distancing in controlling this virus, it is the knowledge about the virus.